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Heavy haul trucking is the hauling of oversize or overweight freight. Generally, shipping heavy equipment will require specialized trailers that can haul over dimensional or overweight loads. Heavy equipment hauling requires an expert to determine the right trailer for the job.
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It is considered to be heavy haul trucking when a shipment exceeds the legal dimensions set by the state in which the load is shipping through.
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Equipment can vary greatly depending on the load and its need.
Oversized items such as industrial machinery and military equipment can present logistical challenges if you aren’t familiar with how to transport them. These shipments typically require special handling, optimized routing and additional permits because they may not be able to travel on all roadways due to their size and weight. Understanding what an oversize load is, what weight limitations could apply and what other requirements are needed can make the transportation process go more smoothly.
Heavy haul freight requires appropriate documentation and permits before travel. Typically, the permits are issued on a per-shipment basis, and while regulations vary, some orders may require city, county or municipality-specific permits. Most states issue permits that outline the amount of time the oversized freight can travel (usually three to five days) and details about the operating hours. Some commodities may require their own designated permit, as well.
When a flatbed trailer is insufficient due to the shipment being too tall, wide or heavy, a heavy haul trucking method is your only option.
Heavy haul trucking, also commonly called: superload, oversize, overweight or over dimensional, is explained below.
In the U.S. a superload is a truck tractor with an attached trailer that has an over dimensional or overweight object (the load) on it that exceeds the ordinary permit limits commonly associated with oversize or overweight loads. Both the size and weight of a superload are regulated by the State the load is moving in and is different depending on which State it is. An oversize load (including tractor and trailer) may exceed the standard legal dimensions of 13’6″ in height and 8’6″ in width (the length varies by State). The load must be non-reducible (cannot be reduced to legal dimensions). An overweight load must consist of a single unit to be shipped that will exceed the total legal gross weight of 80,000 lbs for the truck, trailer and unit shipped.